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The Use and Significance of SharePoint Content Type

In this post, I discuss SharePoint content types, their usefulness, and a case in which I used content types to create a bespoke solution to meet a demand.

Scenario where I used Content Type to achieve the requirement:

Recently, I encountered a situation that demanded extracting data from Excel and storing it in a SharePoint list for specific tasks. To tackle this, I opted to automate the creation of SharePoint lists via code. These lists required over 30 columns each. Instead of repetitively creating identical columns whenever an Excel file was uploaded, I devised a solution. I crafted a Content Type, incorporating the necessary columns, and then published it. Upon list creation, I programmatically associated the Content Type with it. 

This approach avoids the inefficiency and impracticality of manually generating columns via code for every instance, especially when they remain consistent across uploads.

What is SharePoint Content Type?

Content type is a reusable set of settings that can be applied to a list or document library to improve content management and organization. It specifies the metadata fields, processes, Workflows, and other parameters associated with items or documents in SharePoint.

What is content type hub in SharePoint online?

A content type hub is a site collection dedicated to producing and distributing content types for other site collections.

If you make alterations to content types within your hub, those adjustments will affect every instance of these content types across other site collections within your environment.

How can we get the content type id in SharePoint online?

Get the content type id using code:

sp.web.lists.getByTitle('ListName')'Id').filter("Name eq 'ContentTypeName'")
  .get().then(contentTypes => {
    if(contentTypes.length > 0) {
      console.log("Content Type ID: " + contentTypes[0].Id);
    } else
      console.log("Content Type not found. Check the name");

Get the content type id using URL, OOB:

Go to the content type you want to inspect and open it. Look at the URL and copy the value of the "ctype" parameter, this value represents the content type ID.


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See my other blogs related to SPFx:

SPFx setup with multiple node versions


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